An operations guy, Chief Superintendent Ronald 'Bato' dela Rosa, incoming president Rodrigo Duterte's choice for top cop, brings with him local and field experience
'PRESUMPTIVE' PNP CHIEF. Dela Rosa, incoming president Rodrigo Duterte's pick to head the PNP, entertains calls inside his office in Camp Crame. Bea Cupin/Rappler
MANILA, Philippines – Chief Superintendent Ronald “Bato” dela Rosa is not used to getting attention. He recalled a time when he could walk around the streets of Davao City or even Camp Crame in Quezon City and elicit only the customary hello – if he’s lucky.
Things have changed the past few days, the 54-year-old one-star general told Rappler.
People – even those inside moving vehicles – stop their tracks to take a selfie with or say hello to Dela Rosa, president-elect Rodrigo Duterte’s choice to head the 160,000-strong Philippine National Police (PNP).
Duterte’s executive assistant Bong Go made the official announcement on Wednesday, May 18: the former Davao City police chief takes over the entire PNP at the same time that his “mentor,” the longtime Davao mayor, takes on his biggest role yet as president and commander-in-chief
Dela Rosa has a daunting task. One of Duterte’s key campaign promises is to eradicate – or “suppress” – crime in 3-6 months.
The Davao experience
Marching orders to run after criminals are nothing new to Dela Rosa, who was Davao City police chief from January 2012 to October 2013, spanning the terms of Duterte’s daughter Sara and Duterte himself.
One of his key missions then, Dela Rosa told Rappler, was to stop the use and sale of illegal drugs in the city. Oplan TukHang (Tuktok-Hangyo) saw the Davao police going door-to-door, knocking on the homes of known drug dealers and users.
Tuktok in Bisaya literally means “to knock” while hangyo means “request.”
Cops would warn drug dealers and users to reform – or else.
“It worked,” a beaming Dela Rosa recalled, noting that drugs went down by at least 60% because of the operation.
PMA 86. Ronald dela Rosa, then a fresh graduate from the prestigious Philippine Military Academy. Photo from Dela Rosa's Facebook page
But the task will be harder a hundredfold at a national scale. While Davao City was home to almost 1.5 million people when Dela Rosa was its city director, the entire PNP is tasked with safeguarding over 100 million Filipinos.
The mayor and his choice cop
Davao in 1986 is where Dela Rosa and Duterte’s paths crossed.
Dela Rosa, then a young lieutenant of the now-defunct Philippine Constabulary in Davao, entered the force when Duterte was appointed acting vice mayor of the city in the aftermath of the EDSA People Power Revolution that toppled the Marcos dictatorship.
The two grew close, with Duterte even standing as principal sponsor when Dela Rosa got married.
The personal ties got the one-star police general in hot water days before the election day on May 9. Tasked to command the PNP-reactionary standby support force at Camp Crame, Dela Rosa was sacked a week before the polls after he went public with his sentiments in favor of the presidential candidate.
In a public post on his Facebook page tagging known Duterte supporters, he wrote: "Those who will cheat and will manipulate this May 9 elections, be warned! We will crush you!"
In a previous post, Dela Rosa had nothing but warm words for his ninong.
“I never feared to enforce the law and prevent crimes because you are always there watching my back. To the greatest leader on Earth, Mayor RRD, happy birthday Sir!” he wrote.
The president-elect has referred to Dela Rosa as trustworthy and intelligent.
Decades of working with Duterte, Dela Rosa told Rappler, means that sometimes, he doesn’t even need verbal instructions from the Davao mayor.
Their level of understanding is almost telephathic, according to the police general.
Dela Rosa describes Duterte as a boss who is “hands on” but doesn’t micromanage. Details of police operations are minor – it’s the results that Duterte is always after.
While Dela Rosa’s pending appointment did not surprise Camp Crame officials, it has raised some eyebrows.
His taking on the highest post in the police force means his upperclassmen – from the Philippine Military Academy classes of 1983, 1984 and 1985 – will miss their chance at the PNP’s top post.
Born on January 21, 1962, Dela Rosa is set to retire in 2018, when he reaches the mandatory retirement age of 56.
Assuming he begins his stint by July 2016, Dela Rosa would serve as PNP chief for at least 1 and a half years.
His term would be a little longer than current PNP chief Director General Ricardo Marquez's 12-month stint, but shorter than that of President Benigno Aquino III's favorite cop, sacked PNP chief Alan Purisima.
Purisima was appointed chief of the PNP in late 2013 and was not set to retire until November 2015, which meant an almost 2-year-old term. But Purisima was suspended in December 2014 and later, dismissed by the Ombudsman over a supposedly shady deal in Camp Crame.
Current PNP chief Marquez is set to retire in August 2016 yet, but the 4-star general had earlier said he would hand in his courtesy resignation to whoever wins the presidency. Sources indicate Duterte is inclined to accept Marquez’ resignation.
While his relatively longer term will give a chance for him to see the completion of projects and programs through, it's Dela Rosa's first 6 months as PNP chief that will grab the most attention, given Duterte's campaign promise.
Aside from his ties to the incoming president, the Santa Cruz, Davao del Sur native brings with him decades of experience in various Mindanao or Davao-based posts.
Dela Rosa rose up the ranks from battalion commander, head of regional units, until he was assigned provincial director of Compostela Valley and later, Davao del Sur before being appointed city director of Davao City. He has a doctorate in Development Administration from the University of Southeastern Philippines.
Prior to his current post as Executive Officer of the Directorate for Human Resource and Doctrine Development at Camp Crame, Dela Rosa held different posts in the PNP’s Intelligence Group from October 2013 to November 2015.
MAMASAPANO PROBE. Dela Rosa with other members of the BOI and the OAT during a visit to Mamasapano, Maguindanao. Photo from Dela Rosa's Facebook page
Dela Rosa was also among the officers tasked to probe the controversial clash between armed rebels and members of the PNP Special Action Force (SAF) in Mamasapano, Maguindanao.
As a member of the Board of Inquiry – Operational Audit Team for the bloody Mamasapano incident, Dela Rosa helped draft the report that would pinpoint President Aquino, sacked PNP chief Purisima, and former SAF chief Getulio Napeñas’ blunders in the lead-up to the clash.
The Mamasapano clash is one of the bloodiest one-day operations in PNP history and the worst crisis to hit Aquino in the last phase of his administration. It is an incident that any police boss, especially one who took part in investigating it, would avoid repeating. – Rappler.com
Published 7:57 AM, May 19, 2016
Updated 3:19 PM, May 20, 2016
The orders and decorations conferred upon civilians and military personnel in the Republic of the Philippines, are listed by order of precedence. The first list is of civilian awards, which take precedence over and above military awards. The next list is of awards conferred upon the military or formerly military units. Philippine civilian orders and decorations are conferred by the President of the Philippines, in his or her capacity as head of state. In certain instances, the conferment of certain orders and decorations requires the concurrence of the Congress of the Philippines, or of certain advisory bodies.
The civilian order of precedence, established by the Honors Code of the Philippines (Executive Order No. 236), is as follows:
- First Class Rank
- Second Class Rank
- Third Class Rank
- Fourth Class Rank
- Fifth Class Rank
- Sixth Class Rank
- Seventh Class Rank
This means that the Quezon Service Cross, for example, is highest; followed by the Orders of Lakandula, Sikatuna, and the Philippine Legion of Honor, all of which are of the same rank; they in turn, are higher than the Order of Gabriela Silang, etc.
The Philippines is a rare example of having orders and decorations that are considered to be of equal rank to each other; this is a reflection of the particular circumstances surrounding the establishment of the various awards.
In addition to the State Honors mentioned above, the Republic of the Philippines established its only order of knighthood through Republic Act No. 646 in honor of the aspirations and ideals of the national hero, Dr. Jose Rizal. In English it is known as the Knights of Rizal and in Spanish, Orden de Caballeros de Rizal. It ranks as lowest of the Philippine orders of merit.
Awards and Decorations of the Armed Forces of the Philippines
Main article: Awards and decorations of the Armed Forces of the Philippines
These are military decorations which recognize service and personal or unit accomplishments of members and units of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (Philippine Army, Philippine Air Force, Philippine Navy and Philippine Marine Corps).
- Military Personnel Decorations
- Civilian Para-military Personnel Decorations
- Civilian Defense Personnel Decorations
- Military Unit Decorations
- Civilian Para-military Unit Decorations
- Military Service Medals and Ribbons
Awards and Decorations of the Philippine Coast Guard Auxiliary
To recognize Unit and Individual achievements made by its members; the PCGA, with the guidance of the PCG, adopted a system of awards and decorations.
- Personal Decorations
- Service Medals & Ribbons
- Unit Decorations
Awards and Decorations of the Philippine National Police
The Philippine National Police recognizes individual efficiency, gallantry in the face an enemy, and meritorious accomplishments of its personnel by awarding decorations and medals.
The awards and decorations of the PNP are patterned after the Orders and Medals of the AFP with regard to its lineage from the Philippine Constabulary and the Integrated National Police which were fore-runners of this service branch and previously under the AFP.
Constabulary and INP awards/decorations are authorized for PNP Personnel had they been assigned with the Philippine Constabulary and the INP prior to the transition.
- Law Enforcement Personal Decorations
- Law Enforcement Unit Decorations
- Law Enforcement Service Medals and Ribbons
- Medalya ng Paglaban sa Manliligalig (PNP Anti-dissidence Campaign Medal)
- Medalya ng Pagtulong sa Nasalanta (PNP Disaster Relief and Rehabilitation Operations Campaign Medal)
- Medalya ng Paglilingkod sa Luzon (PNP Luzon Campaign Medal)
- Medalya ng Paglilingkod sa Visayas (PNP Vizayan Campaign Medal)
- Medalya ng Paglilingkod sa Mindanao (PNP Mindanao Campaign Medal)
- Medalya ng Kagalingan (PNP Merit Medal)
- Medalya ng Papuri (PNP Commendation Medal)
- Constabulary Personnel Decorations
- Constabulary Medal of Valor
- Distinguished Conduct Star
- Distinguished Service Star
- Constabulary Service Medals and Ribbons
Awards and Decorations of the Bureau of Jail Management and Penology
After the creation of the PNP Act of 1991 transferred control of the Philippine National Police, Bureau of Jail Management and Penology, and the BFP from the Armed Forces to the Department of Interior and Local Government, the Bureau of Jail Management and Penology established its own system of awards and decorations.
- Medalya ng Kagitingan
- Medalya ng Kabayanihan
- Medalya ng Kagalingan
- Medalya ng Natatanging Gawa
- Medalya ng Kadakilaan
- Medalya ng Sugatang Magiting
- Medalya ng Katapatan sa Paglilingkod
- Medalya ng Katapatan
- Medalya ng Kasanayan
- Medalya ng Papuri
- Medalya ng Paglilingkod
- Medalya ng Pambihirang Paglilingkod
- Medalya ng Katangi-tanging Asal
- Medalya ng Ugnayang Pangkumunidad
- Medalya ng Mabuting Asal
- Medalya ng Paglilingkod sa Luzon
- Medalya ng Paglilingkod sa Visayas
- Medalya ng Paglilingkod sa Mindanao
- Ribbon ng Natatanging Unit
- Ribbon ng Tagapagsanay
- Ribbon ng Pagtulong sa Nasalanta
Dormant orders and awards
The consolidation of the Philippine honors system in 2003 led to the government discontinuing of the awarding of many honors. These honors and awards shall remain extant during the lifetime of the last holder of the respective awards, and shall continue to enjoy the rights and privileges thereof. Upon the death of the last living recipient, the respective affected awards shall cease to exist and be discontinued.
- Medal of Honor
- Rizal Collegiate Palms
- Mabini Teachers Medal
- Rizal Pro Patria Award
- Presidential Citation for Honesty and Integrity
- Order of the Grieving Heart
- Presidential Award in Education
- Order of Kalantiao
- Republic Cultural Heritage Award
- Presidential Citation for Outstanding Humanitarian Services
- International Artist
- Bayani ng Bagong Republika
- Presidential Citation for Outstanding Service to Philippine Democracy
- Presidential Award for Heroism in Times of Disaster
- Sajid Bulig Presidential Award for Heroism
- Presidential Mineral Industry Environment Award
This article incorporates public domain text from the library of the Congress of the Philippines.