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Essay About England Country

When the question is about this wonderful and mysterious country, people call it England. But the full name of ‘Her Majesty” is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The beauty of this country can be observed on a group of islands, where the variety of nature landscapes is flashing all over. The territory of the land occupies Great Britain itself, Ireland and a number of small islands. Beautiful, mystifying and matchless England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland form the whole Great Britain kingdom.

Looking at the country on a map, you can see that it is separated from the whole world like some kind of a fortress by the English Channel. Moreover, the Irish, North and Norwegian Seas along with the North Channel and the Atlantic Ocean seem like some kind of guardians on the watch of their stunning and magic kingdom!

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There’s an interesting paradox of this country. The point is that Great Britain is quite a small country. Still, in the whole world you will never find such a great variety of scenery. Wild mountains covering the landscapes of the Highlands of Scotland, the Cambrian Mountains in Wales, The Pennine Range and the Dover Cliffs are forming a true paradise on Earth.

Great Britain is famous for its ports, the main of which are Liverpool, London, Hull, and Glasgow. They attract tourists by not only its strategic functions, but its splendid harbors too. One of the other features, most loved by everyone, is its close proximity to the sea.

The climate of the country is the most…

HISTORY
The first Britons (people who live in the United Kingdom) were the Picts, who arrived about 10,000 years ago. In the eighth century B.C., the Celts arrived from Europe and pushed the Picts north into Scotland. In A.D. 43, the Romans invaded and ruled for nearly 400 years. They built roads, bathhouses, sewers, and large villas.


By the sixth century A.D., German peoples known as Angles, Jutes, and Saxons were moving into Britain. The Angles gave their name to England, and English people became known as Anglo-Saxons. From the 900s to the 1400s, England was ruled by Viking, Danish, and Norman invaders.

 

In 1485 the Welsh noble Henry Tudor claimed the English crown and became Henry VII, the first of five Tudor monarchs. Several important lines of kings and queens followed.

 

By the 1800s, Britain was one of the most powerful nations in the world. Trade generated immense wealth, and the country built a huge overseas empire. But the early 20th century was a time of setbacks for Britain. Drained by World War I and II, Britain could no longer afford its empire, and most of its colonies became independent.