The University of Sydney today announces the signing of a multi-year quantum computing partnership with Microsoft, creating an unrivalled setting and foundation for quantum research in Sydney and Australia.
The long-term Microsoft investment will bring state of the art equipment, allow the recruitment of new staff, help build the nation's scientific and engineering talent, and focus significant research project funding into the University, assuring the nation a key role in the emerging "quantum economy."
VIDEO teaser: Introducing Station Q Sydney (40 sec).
David Pritchard, Chief of Staff for Microsoft's Artificial Intelligence and Research Group and Douglas Carmean, Partner Architect of Microsoft's Quantum Architectures and Computation (QuArC) group, participated in the announcement at the University of Sydney's Nanoscience Hub.
The official establishment of Station Q Sydney today embeds Microsoft's commitment to kickstarting the emergence of a quantum economy by partnering with the University to develop a premier centre for quantum computing. Directed by Professor David Reilly and housed inside the $150 million Sydney Nanoscience Hub, Station Q Sydney joins Microsoft's other experimental research sites at Purdue University, Delft University of Technology, and the University of Copenhagen. There are only four labs of this kind in the world.
Sydney-born Professor Reilly, and Station Q Sydney Scientific Director - who completed a postdoctoral fellowship at Harvard University before returning to Australia - asserts that quantum computing is one of the most significant opportunities in the 21st century, with the potential to transform the global economy and society at large.
"The deep partnership between Microsoft and the University of Sydney will allow us to help build a rich and robust local quantum economy by attracting more skilled people, investing in new equipment and research, and accelerate progress in quantum computing - a technology that we believe will disrupt the way we live, reshaping national and global security and revolutionising medicine, communications and transport," Professor Reilly said.
The focus of Professor Reilly and his team at Station Q Sydney is to bring quantum computing out of the laboratory and into the real world where it can have genuine impact: "We've reached a point where we can move from mathematical modelling and theory to applied engineering for significant scale-up," Professor Reilly said.
Leveraging his research in quantum computing, Professor Reilly's team has already demonstrated how spin-off quantum technologies can be used in the near-future to help detect and track early-stage cancers using the quantum properties of nanodiamonds.
Microsoft's David Pritchard outlined the company's redoubled quantum efforts, a key strategic pillar within Microsoft's AI and Research Group; the quantum computing effort is being led by Todd Holmdahl, the creator of the Xbox and HoloLens.
Mr Pritchard said the partnership with the University of Sydney is important because Microsoft is looking forward to reaching the critical juncture where theory and demonstration need to segue and be complemented by systems-level abstraction and applied engineering efforts focused on scaling.
"There's always an element of risk when you are working on projects with the potential to make momentous and unprecedented impact; we're at the inflection point now where we have the opportunity to do that," Mr Pritchard said.
Douglas Carmean, based at Microsoft's Redmond, Washington headquarters, characterised Microsoft's ambitious goals for quantum computing as necessarily intensified and augmented through collaboration with the world's leading universities.
"It was only 40 years ago that the computing revolution really took hold, realising Microsoft's vision for personal computers to be on every desktop; Microsoft is now focused on what we see as potentially even more impactful - making the quantum leap," Mr Carmean said.
"Our significant investment in quantum computing is a collaborative effort between Microsoft and academia and this is what will ultimately accelerate the transition from pure research to the development of useful quantum machines."
University of Sydney Vice-Chancellor and Principal, Dr Michael Spence, described Professor Reilly as one of a select few international research leaders exploring how the quantum lens could throw fresh light on today's pressing issues, as well as yield insights into problems yet to be identified.
"Professor Reilly has helped create an international quantum hub in Sydney, resulting in a game-changing collaboration with industry leaders, building also on our whole-of-University commitment to multidisciplinary approaches to frontier research - as embodied in our Australian Institute for Nanoscale Science and Technology (AINST)," Dr Spence said.
"With cutting-edge nanoscience facilities and unique pathways to commercialisation, Sydney is now experiencing the emergence of a quantum economy, which has the potential to create untold educational and economic opportunities for NSW and Australia, just as Silicon Valley has done in California."
Meet the experts:
Professor David Reilly
Professor Reilly completed his PhD in 2002 at UNSW. From 2005-2008 he was a postdoctoral Fellow at Harvard University. He returned to Australia in 2008 to lead a new quantum research group at the University of Sydney. Professor Reilly is a key factor in Australia's strong position in the race to build a quantum computer and establish the foundations for a local quantum industry.
Leading researchers acknowledge there are still significant barriers to building useful quantum machines. Barriers exist both at the level of basic physics and in developing new software to exploit certain qualities of devices known as qubits (qubits hold out the possibility of computing in ways not possible by today's digital systems).
Professor Reilly plays a crucial role in Microsoft's investment in building a scalable, fault-tolerant universal quantum computer. Such computers could have an impact on an array of areas, from drug design to cyber-security.
Professor Reilly leads the Australian branch of Microsoft's Station Q Sydney, one of four experimental groups that Microsoft has established in its pursuit of a workable quantum computer (under the leadership of Fields Medallist Michael Freedman). The work of Microsoft's Station Q comprises: groups at its Redmond headquarters and Station Q at University of California, Santa Barbara, complemented by experimental groups at the University of Sydney (led by David Reilly), Copenhagen's Niels Bohr Institute (Charlie Marcus), TU Delft (Leo Kouwenhoven) and Purdue (Michael Manfra).
The Station Q Sydney research group, directed by Professor Reilly, focuses on bridging the gap between theoretical quantum physics and engineering, a stepping stone considered essential to building quantum machines.
At the same time, Professor Reilly has continued to supervise students and researchers. He is the only physicist to be both a Chief Investigator in ARC Centre of Excellence for Engineered Quantum Systems (EQuS) and a program leader at the UNSW-based Quantum Computation and Communication Technology (CQC2T).
Doug Carmean is Head of Microsoft Research's Quantum Architectures and Computation (QuArC) group - a team of leading quantum computer scientists and engineers dedicated to developing real-world quantum algorithms, understanding their implications, and designing a comprehensive software architecture for programming such algorithms on a scalable, fault-tolerant, quantum computer. The QuArC mission is to advance the understanding of quantum computing and its applications and implementation.
The QuArC group collaborates closely with Microsoft Research Station Q in Santa Barbara and several universities worldwide, including the University of Sydney, TU Delft, the University of Copenhagen's Niels Bohr Institute and Purdue University.
Mr Carmean joined Microsoft in 2014, hired by Burton Smith, a well-known supercomputer designer who joined Microsoft from Cray in 2005 and moved to lead a new quantum hardware design group. Mr Carmean was an Intel Fellow who led the design of several of the firm's microprocessors.
David A. Pritchard
David Pritchard is Chief of Staff for the AI and Research Division at Microsoft and has been with Microsoft since November 1981. Mr Pritchard started out in the PR, Corporate Communications and Technical Publications Group and then worked in operating systems, IT, human resources and product development organisations.
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Burton J. Smith, Technical Fellow for Microsoft Corporation, works with various groups within the company to help address the challenges brought about by the emergence of many-core systems and the increasing importance of distributed services. Before joining Microsoft in December 2005 he co-founded Cray Inc., formerly Tera Computer Company, where he variously served as its chief scientist, a member of the board of directors, and its chairman until 1999. Before that, Smith spent six years with Denelcor, Inc. and three years at the Institute for Defense Analyses Supercomputing Research Center.
In 2003, Smith received the Seymour Cray Award from the IEEE Computer Society and was elected to the National Academy of Engineering. He received the Eckert-Mauchly Award in 1991 given jointly by IEEE and ACM and was elected a fellow of each organization in 1994. He was elected Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2010. Smith attended the University of New Mexico, where he earned a BSEE degree, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he earned SM, EE, and Sc.D degrees.