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Essay On Brain Drain Wikipedia Free

Brain Drain is the term used to state a significant emigration of educated and talented individuals. It occurs in countries such as India where the employment opportunities are not at par with the educated youth in the nation.

Brain Drain is a slang used to describe a considerable emigration of highly educated and brilliant individuals. It is mainly an outcome of lack of good employment opportunities within a nation. Here are essays on Brain Drain of varying lengths to help you with the topic whenever you required. You can chose any brain drain essay according to your need:

Essay on Brain Drain

Brain Drain Essay – 1 (200 words)

Migration of a significant number of educated and talented people from a country is referred to as Brain Drain. It occurs because of better job prospects in other countries as compared to one’s own country. Besides, brain drain may even occur at industrial or organizational levels when there is mass exodus from a company or industry as the other offers a better pay and other benefits. Brain Drain is a loss for the country, organization and industry as it takes away the most talented individuals of the lot.

The term, brain drain is often used to describe the emigration of scientists, doctors, engineers and other high profile professionals such as those in the banking and finance sector. Their emigration has a negative impact on their places of origin. In case of geographic brain drain, in addition to the loss of expertise, the consumer spending in the country also suffers immense loss. Hence, it can be a major loss for the country’s economy.

While the geographic brain drain occurs due to better financial prospects and standard of living in other countries, organizational brain drain may be caused due to various reasons including poor leadership, unreasonable work pressure, low salary package and lack of professional growth.

Brain Drain Essay – 2 (300 words)


Brain Drain refers to the mass departure of learned and talented people from a country, organization or industry. It causes a major problem for their place of origin as it suffers loss of talent that in turn impacts their economic condition. Many countries and organizations around the world are undergoing this grave issue due to various factors.

The Origin of the Term – Brain Drain

The term brain drain was sprint by the Royal Society. It was initially coined to refer to the mass departure of the scientists and technologists from the post-war Europe to North America. However, as per another source, this term first sprung up in the United Kingdom and it referred to the arrival of the Indian engineers and scientists. Brain waste and brain circulation are other similar terms.

Initially, the term referred to the technology workers immigrating to another nation however over the time it has become a general term used to describe the mass departure of talented and skilled individuals from one country, industry or organization to another in search of better paying jobs and higher standard of living.

Brain Drain a Common Phenomenon in Developing Countries

While certain first world counties such as UK have also experienced major brain drain, the phenomenon is more common in developing countries such as India and China. There are many factors that are responsible for brain drain in these countries. Higher salaries, better medical facilities, access to advanced technology, better standard of living and more stable political conditions are among few of the things that attract professionals towards the developed countries.


Several countries across the globe are facing the problem of brain drain and the government of these countries are taking certain measures to control the same however the problem still persists. Better plans need to be put in to place to control this issue.

Brain Drain Essay – 3 (400 words)


Brain Drain is a broad term used to describe mass migration of highly talented and skilled individuals from one country to another. The term is also used to refer to the mass departure of skilled professionals from one industry or organization to another to seek better pay and other benefits.

Types of Brain Drain

As mentioned above brain drain occurs at three levels – geographic, organizational and industrial. Here is a look at these different types of Brain Drain in detail:

  1. Geographical Brain Drain

It is referred to the departure of highly brilliant and skilled individuals to another country in search of better paying jobs. It has a negative impact of their home country’s economy and overall development.

  1. Organizational Brain Drain

The mass exodus of highly talented, skilled and creative employees from one organization to join another is referred to as organizational brain drain. It weakens the organization and toughens competition.

  1. Industrial Brain Drain

It is the departure of employees from one industry in search of better jobs in other industries. It disturbs the working of the industries where brain drain occurs.

Factors Causing Brain Drain

There are different factors that cause brain drain at different levels. Though these factors are more or less the same, here is a look at these category wise:

  1. Geographic Brain Drain

Here are the factors responsible for geographic brain drain:

  • Unstable political conditions of a country
  • Reservation system (in India) that denies good jobs to the deserving candidates and mostly provides high pay packages to the non-deserving ones
  • Low standard of living
  • Lack of good employment opportunities
  • Lack of good medical facilities
  1. Organizational Brain Drain

It generally occurs due to the following reasons:

  • Lack of good leadership and management in the organization
  • Low or no scope of growth
  • Pay packages lower than the market standards
  • Lack of fair play while giving promotions
  • No appreciation for work
  • Stringent working hours
  • Unreasonable work pressure
  • Relocation to a remote place also causes people to look for job elsewhere
  1. Industrial Brain Drain

Here are some of the top reasons for industrial brain drain:

  • Low salary package
  • Low growth prospects
  • Undue work load
  • Health hazards attached to certain industries


The factors responsible for brain drain have clearly been identified. All that needs to be done is to control these in order to overcome the issue. Among other things, there is a need to float better job opportunities in the market, offer pay packages at par with a person’s skill and create a healthy work environment to avoid this issue.

Brain Drain Essay – 4 (500 words)


Brain Drain, the process of talented individuals migrating from their home country to another in search of better job prospects and enhanced standard of living, is a growing problem these days. It is a loss for the country of origin as they lose out on talent that impacts their economy negatively. A number of countries across the world see a major pool of talent moving out each year.

Countries Suffering Brain Drain

While the third world countries suffer majorly from the issue of brain drain, developed countries are not safe either. Here is a look at the countries suffering major brain drain:

  1. The United Kingdom

The United Kingdom that attracts numerous immigrants each year with its attractive pay packages and high standard of living also sees a major brain drain. Several individuals with University degrees have left UK, their country of origin, to seek jobs in other parts of the world.

  1. India

The education system of India is considered to be quite strong and one that produces extremely talented and highly intelligent youth who are in demand in every part of the world. Indians get good packages outside along with better standard of living and thus leave their country.

  1. Greece

Greece has also been included in the list of countries facing the brain drain problem lately. The debt crises explosion in 2008 led to a rapid increase in this issue. A majority of the people from Greece migrate to Germany each year.

  1. Iran

Iran is known for religious dictatorship and political oppression and this has led more than 4 million Iranians to migrate to other countries. Research suggests that around 15,000 university educated individuals leave Iran to get settled in other parts of the country each year.

  1. Nigeria

The civil war in Nigeria is one of the main reasons for Brain Drain in the country. A large number of Nigerians migrate to US each year in search of better job prospects and better standard of living.

  1. Malaysia

Malaysia has also been facing the problem of Brain Drain mainly because its neighbouring country, Singapore offers better paying jobs there by sucking the former’s talent.

China, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mexico and Jamaica are among the other countries that suffer major brain drain.

Impact on the Place of Origin

Brain Drain is not only geographic, large number of talented individuals migrating from one organization to another or from one industry to another is also known as Brain Drain. When a pool of highly talented and skilled individuals leaves their country, organization or industry and moves to another one in search of better prospects it is an obvious loss for their original place as the work at the later place suffers and so does its economic prosperity. In case of geographic brain drain, the immigration of doctors and engineers also has a negative impact on the society as a whole.


The countries and organizations facing major brain drain problem should analyze the factors responsible for the same and work upon improving the conditions to avoid this issue. It will help boost their place of origin economically.


Brain Drain Essay – 5 (600 words)


When a pool of learned and talented professionals especially doctors, engineers and those belonging to the financial sector leave their country of origin to seek better job opportunities in another country it is known as Brain Drain. The problem is quite common in developing countries such as India. The mass exodus of employees from one company or industry to join the other is also counted as Brain Drain.

India Suffers Major Brain Drain

Indians are making the country proud by excelling in different fields and securing highly paid jobs in different parts of the world. They are known to be brilliant in the fields of business and technology and there have been several reports stating that Indians form a major part of United State’s technology industry. Indians have thus contributed majorly towards building U.S. technology and in turn its economy. If they had contributed even half as much in the development of India, the country would have been in a better shape currently.

India suffers a major Brain Drain as the employment opportunities available here are not at par with the quality of education provided. Some of the other factors include the unfair reservation system, huge taxes and low standard of living.

Ways to Control Brain Drain

The geographic brain drain as well as that happening at organizational level is equally difficult to deal with. So why not avoid it in the first place. Here are a few ways to overcome the problem of geographic as well as organizational brain drain:

  1. Do Away with the Quota System

In countries such as India, the talented lot suffer at the hands of the quota system. Many undeserving people from the reserved category secure highly paid jobs while the deserving candidates have to settle for lesser paying ones. It is but natural for such deserving individuals to seek job that is at par with their talent in a different country and shift base at the first opportunity they get. It is high time the government of India should do away with this biased quota system.

  1. Let Merit be the Sole Decider

Apart from the quota system, people are also preferred based on their creed, race and other things that have nothing to do with their talent when it comes to giving jobs. Many people have an inclination of giving jobs to those belonging to their own community or town. All this must be stopped and a person must get job based on his merit and ability.

  1. Fair Promotion

Many bosses have a liking for certain employees and a dislike for others. Often times it is seen that even if an employee is working hard and is doing a good job he still misses out on the promotion and the one who is the boss’ favourite gets promoted even though he does not qualify in certain parameters. This causes dissatisfaction among the employees and they seek better opportunities outside.

  1. Improve Leadership

It is said that an employee does not leave the organization, he leaves his boss. Lack of good leaders and managers can cost the company a number of talented employees. People like being encouraged and rewarded for their work and if this does not happen at the right time, they feel de-motivated and look for opportunities outside.

  1. Salary Packages

An organization must be fair when it comes to deciding salary packages. There should not be huge variation when it comes to salary packages of the employees working at the same level. Also, the salary package must be at par with the market standards else the employee will leave as soon as he gets a deserving package elsewhere.


One of the ways to uplift the economy of developing countries such as India is to control the problem of Brain Drain. The ways to control this problem such as the ones mentioned here must be taken seriously and implemented by the government and organizations.

Brain drain: Boon for developed countries, but bane for India - Brain drain has become a major concern of the developing countries, especially, India. The term, which emerged in1960s when the skilled workforce started emigrating from the poor countries to the rich countries in search of better job opportunities and living conditions, has become a hot topic of discussion over the years.

When the expatriates are going abroad in search of greener pastures, India has been losing its major skilled workforce that includes doctors, engineers, scientists and technicians. If we analyze the brain drain trends in India, we could find that there are many reasons why the country fails to hold back its talented youth. Check the reasons of brain drain to developed countries from below:

Brain Drain: Reason 1

Higher Education Scenario in India

In recent years, the cut-offs for admissions became close to 100% in the best Indian universities. While the institutes are in the race of getting the best students in the country, the ambitious youth who fail to meet the “irrational” demands had to compromise on their dream of occupying a seat in any of the prestigious Indian universities. This leads them to explore the scope of higher education abroad. Most of the students who try their luck in higher studies abroad get into good universities as they have an edge over the students from other countries in terms of skills and knowledge.

While this is the case of young students, the academically well qualified people prefer going abroad for higher research because they don’t get the best chances, resources and facilities for research in India.

A recent study conducted by Indian Institute of Management- Bangalore (IIM-B) shows that the students going for higher studies abroad has increased by 256% in the last 10 years. When 53,000 Indian students went abroad for higher studies in 2000, the figure shot up to 1.9 lakh in 2010.

The US is the most sought after destination for students, followed by the United Kingdom. There are many Indian students exploring study opportunities in countries like Australia, Germany and France as well. 

Brain Drain - Country-wise data on the number of students going abroad for higher studies


Students going abroad (per year)





Republic of Korea






Source: UNESCO’s Report- Global Education Digest, 2009

A report by Associated Chamber of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM) pointed out that when a large number of students flocking to foreign universities, it costs India a whopping Rs. 95,000 crores per year.

The report further noted that there is a huge difference in the fees paid by students studying in the premier institutes in India as compared to students who study aboard. While an Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) student has to pay an average fee of $150 per month, the fee paid by an Indian student studying abroad per month is anywhere between $1,500 and $4,000.

Still, it is a matter of concern that despite the highly subsidized rate of higher education, especially in engineering and management, India fails miserably in attracting the best brains.


Brain Drain: Reason 2

Better opportunities abroad

Most of the students prefer staying back in the host country due to better work opportunities and fat pay packages. After getting good global exposure and getting introduced to the high quality life and facilities, the students become reluctant to return to the home country.

These days, most of the developed countries act like organizations. When they fail to find good, talented and skilled workers in their country, they attract the highly skilled and qualified people from other countries. It’s very obvious that the skilled Indians prefer US Green Cards and EU Blue Cards over the not-so-attractive pay checks and average living conditions of a developing country like India.

Here, India is the loser and developed countries like the US and UK are gainers.


Brain Drain: Reason 3

Time for a reality check?

Over the years, India has become a major supplier of skilled and talented young people to the Western countries, particularly European Union. The major destinations for Indians in the EU in the beginning of the century were limited to the UK, Germany, Italy, Austria and Spain. But now, more and more Indians are immigrating to countries like Poland, France, Ireland and Sweden. A good number of these immigrants reach the host countries as students.

Comparison between first residence permits issued to Indians and total number of issues in EU in 2009 and 2010



Total EU






Highly Skilled Workers










Seasonal Workers





Other Economic Reasons





Total Permits





Source: Population Database – Eurostat

While 5,615 permits issued by the UK for Indians were for highly skilled workers, Italy issued 3,479 permits for Indian seasonal workers. These highly skilled migrants and seasonal workers become permanent residents of the host countries as the long term socio-economic benefits lure them.


Brain Drain: Reason 4

Wake up call for India 

The increasing trend of brain drain of the skilled workers finally persuaded the government to take action. After witnessing a huge brain drain of doctors (among the 3,000 medical students went abroad in last three years, none returned), the health ministry has suspended issuing “no obligation to return certificates” to the medical students going abroad for higher studies.

Further, from 2015 onwards, the medical students going to the US for higher studies will have to sign a bond with the government, promising to return to India after completing his / her studies. If the student doesn’t fulfil the bond obligation, the ministry can write to the US and the permission for the student to practice in the country will be denied.

While India is putting the best foot forward to curb brain drain, there are signs of reverse brain drain where a few best brains are returning to India. With better economic policies and the human capital to execute them, there is still hope for India.

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